How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library?

How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library
Cost per Square Foot of a Library Assuming Face Brick with Concrete Block Backing / R/Conc.

Cost Estimate (Union Labor) % of Total Cost
Total $2,613,500
Contractor Fees (GC,Overhead,Profit) 25% $653,400
Architectural Fees 8% $261,400
Total Building Cost $3,528,200

How long does the construction of a public library take?

How we construct libraries Service Alert: Please click for further information. Choose Language English German Albanian Arabic Armenian Azerbaijani Basque Belarusian Bengali Bosnian Bulgarian Catalan Cebuano Chinese (Simplified) (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) (Traditional) Croatian Czech Danish Dutch Esperanto Estonian Filipino Finnish French Galician Georgian German Greek Gujarati Haitian Creole Hausa Hebrew Hindi Hmong Hungarian Icelandic Igbo Indonesian Irish Italian Japanese Javanese Kannada Khmer Chinese Laos Greek Latin Latvian Lithuanian Malay Maltese Maori Marathi Mongolian Nepali Norwegian Persian Polish European Punjabi Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Somali Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Telugu Thai Turkish Ukrainian Urdu Vietnamese Welsh Hebrew Yoruba Zulu The Queens Public Library has 65 physical library facilities on about one million square feet of land.

Queens Public Library has a forward-thinking capital program to ensure that library patrons continue to have access to secure, pleasant, and exciting places that enable us to provide great programs and services. All areas of the library are welcoming and secure. Each library is set up and configured to provide good public service.

The least amount of service disturbance is possible while necessary maintenance, repairs, and upgrades are carried out quickly and affordably. Every major capital project is carried out with the utmost openness, responsible financial management, and accountability to the Library’s stakeholders.

Nearly all of the Queens public library buildings are owned by the City of New York. According to a 1907 agreement between the City and Queens Public Library, it is the City’s duty to carry out any repairs or renovations required to maintain the library facilities in good shape. Capital financing for the Queens Public Library comes from: The Mayor, Borough President, and members of the City Council.

In each of the past five years, city capital funding has averaged $26 million. State Public Library Construction Aid is based on a formula that applies to the entire state. Annual state financing has been roughly $1,300,000. Allocations from state assembly and state senate members.

During the 2018 fiscal year, the Queens Public Library has active capital projects totaling over $270 million. This amount comprises the construction of new libraries, the expansion of existing libraries, renovations, roof upgrades, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) improvements, the replacement or installation of windows and doors, masonry repairs, and other infrastructure repairs.

There are opportunities for private and charitable groups to expand the building program of the Queens Public Library. For more information, please contact the Queens Public Library Foundation at. *** Working with the Board of Trustees, elected officials, the community, and Library staff, the Queens Public Library’s capital planning team determines capital needs based on the age and usage of library buildings, as well as the expected life span of roofs and mechanical systems such as heating and air conditioning.

The objectives are to conduct necessary repairs and upgrades in the most cost-effective manner feasible, while minimizing the impact on public service. The library maintains and revises a 10-year capital plan in order to enable long-term planning and detect impending capital requirements. *** The majority of significant capital projects in New York City are administered by the Department of Design and Construction (DDC).

DDC is responsible for hiring architects and designers, approving project designs, getting bids and awarding contracts for general and trade contractors, registering required contracts, establishing and managing project schedules, approving and paying bills, and assuring the quality of work.

  • A limited proportion of capital projects are overseen by the capital management personnel of the Library.
  • Queens Public Library collaborates with local elected leaders and employs internal controls to guarantee that capital funds are used in the public’s best interest.
  • Regular updates are provided to elected officials about the status of capital projects within their districts.

In addition, Library finances are subject to regular audits by external and internal auditors, as well as the City and/or State Comptroller. This may be of interest to you: The majority of capital project funds are administered by the City of New York.

  • All expenditures associated with these capital projects are incurred and paid for by DDC.
  • When Queens Public Library oversees a project using City capital money, the project plan and budget must be approved by both DDC and the City’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
  • All contracts are granted through a competitive bidding procedure that adheres to the City, State, and/or Queens Public Library’s procurement requirements.

DDC manages the majority of Queens Public Library’s capital projects. When DDC administers a project, the construction timeline is under its control. Currently, DDC forecasts that a new building will take around seven years to complete, while a refurbishment would take roughly three years.

  1. Before actual construction begins, a large amount of time is spent on design, bidding, and other “behind-the-scenes” tasks in order to ensure that library buildings continue to provide a solid level of public service for as long as feasible.
  2. Active Projects, upcoming projects, and finished projects are posted on the website of the Queens Public Library.

When a project is completely funded up to the initial cost estimate, it is “active.” A project is said to be in one of the following phases: Development of the Scope The Library team and its stakeholders identify the precise work to be performed, establishing a hierarchy of requirements and objectives within the budget.

  1. Design Procurement Qualified architects, engineers, and other design consultants are sought for the project through a public, competitive bidding procedure performed in accordance with the City’s procurement regulations.
  2. The majority of contracts in New York City must be authorized by the Office of Management and Budget and recorded by the City Comptroller.
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Design: The design consultants use a procedure to create precise designs that match the objectives of the project. Because the majority of Queens Library’s facilities are owned by the City of New York, the Public Design Commission must authorize any external modifications.

After all parties have approved the design, the consultants produce a comprehensive set of construction papers that will serve as the foundation for contractor bidding and construction. Construction Procurement: Bidders for construction contracts are subjected to a rigorous “vetting” procedure to guarantee that the lowest responsive and responsible bidder is granted the contract.

The contract must be submitted to the City Comptroller for registration. The contractors construct the project in accordance with the construction documents. The project managers of Queens Public Library oversee the project’s development to assure quality and fix any concerns.

  • Fit-Out: Upon completion of construction, Queens Public Library acquires management of the property and furnishes and equips the interior with furniture, fixtures, equipment, data access, computers, books, and other library resources.
  • Complete: Despite the need for minor finishing touches, a project is considered complete if it is accessible to the broader public.

A project’s status will be labeled as “On Hold” if it is unable to progress in the usual manner. With community stakeholders and elected leaders, the Queens Public Library has recognized the need for this capital enhancement as a future project. The search for financial and other resources is ongoing.

  1. Capital project procurement possibilities for the Queens Public Library are posted in the “City Record” and/or other publicly available media.
  2. They are available to all certified suppliers.
  3. The awarding of bids adheres to applicable City and/or State regulations and/or the Queens Public Library’s buying policy.

Purchasing opportunities for Queens Public Library-managed projects are also offered on the Queens Public Library website. How we construct libraries

Standards for Libraries: Buildings, Furniture, and Staff Standards for Libraries: Buildings, Furniture, and Staff Pramod Kumar Singh We may describe standards as officially accepted quantitative and qualitative norms that have been regarded differently as the pattern of an ideal, a model method, a metric for evaluation, a stimulant for future development and improvement, and as a tool to aid in decision-making and action.

  1. In the context of libraries, the Standards are based on criteria that may be utilized for measuring or evaluating library services.
  2. Professional librarians decide these criteria in order to achieve and sustain the goals they have set for themselves.
  3. Library Standards are not only useful for library work, but also for library planning and administration by administrators and institution leaders.

The Standards serve the twin purpose of evaluating current services and planning better and more effective services for the future. The Standards provide important assistance to library authorities and Librarians in the development of suitable bookstocks, the construction of functional and adequate buildings, and the hiring of suitably skilled people.

Without regularity and order, a library would be nothing more than a treasure trove. Therefore, let’s begin with the planning phase of the library or information center and the usage of many standards in this phase. Consequently, we can now observe the Standards for the Planning of Libraries: – Construction, Furniture, and Fixtures Planning: Planning for the best possible use of the available space is a crucial responsibility.

This suggests that the Information Center’s layout will be developed to be both useful and effective. The first Documentation Sectional Committee of the Indian Standards Institute, now known as the Bureau of Indian Standards, nominated Dr.S.R. Ranganathan as its chairman.

  1. The average size of various library types as measured by the quantity of books and bound volumes of journals, the quantity of current periodicals on display, the quantity of reader seats, and the number of staff members
  2. the many types of rooms needed for various libraries
  3. and
  4. the methodology and foundation used to calculate each type of room’s dimensions, etc.

The following additional Standards have been established by the Indian Standards Institution since 1960: IS: 2672:1966 Code of Practice for Library Lighting

  1. IS: 1892 (First Part) – 1978
  2. Part I: Timber of the Specifications for Library Furniture and Fittings (1 st Revision). IS: 1892 (Second Part) – 1977
  3. IS: 1233 – 1969 Specifications for Library Furniture and Fittings, Part II: Steel
  4. Recommendations for Dimensional Modular Coordination in the Building Industry (1 st Revision). IS : 1172 – 1971
  5. Code of Fundamental Water Supply, Drainage, and Sanitation Requirements (2 nd Revision). IS : 1883 – 1975
  6. Adjustable Shelving Racks Made of Metal (2 nd Revision). IS : 8338 – 1976
  7. Primary Elements in Design of School Library Buildings: Recommendations IS : 3312 – 1974
  8. Adjustable-Type Steel Shelving Cupboards (1 st Revision). IS : 4116 – 1976
  9. Adjustable Shelving Cabinets Made of Wood (1 st Revision)

These Standards stipulated just the required measurements for the fitting and furniture’s appropriate operation. Otherwise, the architect has complete flexibility to plan and create the Library Building to the best of his creative ability. The transparency will provide a rough estimate of the built-up area required for the Information Centre.

1. Stack Room for 10,000 volumes 100 Volumes Per Sq. Meter 100
2. Reading Room for 50 readers 3.3 Sq. Meters Per Reader 165
3. Head and two Senior Professionals 15 Sq. Meters Per Person 45
4. Other Professional Staff (27) 9 Sq. Meters Per Person 243
5. Office:#Administrative officer#Other Staff (22) 15 Sq. Meters Per Person 9 Sq. Meters Per Person 15 198
6. Library Counter 30
7. At Service Point (15) 5 Sq. Meters Per Person 75
8. Seminar Room 20
9. Committee Room 20
10. Visitors Room 15
Total : 926
11. Additional Space for Passage, etc. (Approximately 40% of Space estimated) 370
Total Space Required : 1296

Space Demand for LIC’s in Transparency-1 The area necessary for the Reprography/Printing Section has not been accounted for, as this should be determined by the equipment employed. Nonetheless, a minimum of 200 square meters is necessary. Ranganathan’s five Laws of library science and their potential consequences may be utilized as guiding principles in the design of library structures.

  1. Buildings must be constructed with functionality in mind
  2. The physical architecture of a library should be dictated by its purposes
  3. Interior features should be planned before outside elements
  4. Administration and operation of the structure must be economical.
  5. Principal study places must be in close proximity to the book shelves and stacks
  6. The building should have a simple personality
  7. Future growth and planned development should be taken into account
  8. Physical conveniences should be proportional to the size and type of the library’s clientele and personnel
  9. Details of the library should be determined based on existing data and projected growth rates
  10. and
  11. The building’s design should be amenable to future expansion and development.
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Clearly, if Planning is to be based on the aforementioned principles, a vast amount of data pertaining to Document collection, Acquisition program, Technical operations, Reading space, Accessibility to shelves, Circulation, Reference and Consultation, Specialized services (if any), and library staff must be collected.

The cooperation of the librarian, architect, consultant, administrator, and construction engineer is required throughout the full planning process. It has been claimed that a library building is incomplete without the correct furniture, fittings, and furnishings; thus, we must prepare for furniture and equipment in addition to the space and structure.

Since the choice of furniture is closely tied to its intended purpose and position inside the library or information center, it should be decided by the right individual. According to Thompson, the librarian should select the shelves, catalogs, and technological equipment, but the architect should select the chairs and tables, as these are the products with which he is concerned for the whole of his career.

Perhaps it would be best if they both participated in the furniture selection process. If you wish to construct the furniture locally, you must produce accurate drawings of the furniture with all the relevant requirements. In this context, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the United States Federal Supply Service, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard (ISO: 5970: 1979: Furniture, chairs, and tables for educational institutions, including libraries) might be useful.

The information center is anticipated to amass a core collection of papers within a few years of its establishment. The estimation of furniture and equipment in transparency is based on the collection of documents, the number of readers, and the number of professional and non-professional readers.

  1. IS 1829 (Part 1) 1961
  2. specifications for the fixtures and furniture in libraries. Timber and IS: 1553–1960, Part 1.
  3. Code of practice for the main components of library building design. Manpower Standards and Planning: –
  4. At the organizational level, manpower planning is described as “a strategy for the acquisition, utilization, and improvement of an enterprise’s people resources.”

It is unnecessary to emphasize the importance of manpower planning since the efficacy and efficiency of information centers and libraries will be greatly influenced by the academic and professional qualifications of the personnel as well as the workspace and environment they have access to.

While the manpower planning exercise is likely to offer precise estimates, one benefit that is typically emphasized is that it provides a general indication of the possible “trouble-spots.” Another aspect that has to be emphasized is that this process is ongoing, since personnel plans must be continually reviewed and revised to reflect the shifting demands for expertise brought on by technology advancements.

Manpower planning basically entails figuring out how many people are needed, choosing and hiring them, placing them in suitable positions, promoting them, giving them opportunities to contribute the most under ideal working relationships and conditions, giving them opportunities for professional personnel development, and improving the working environment to maximize productivity and efficiency with a focus on the individual and human elements.

  1. In other words, the goal should be to estimate, keep, use, and develop a sufficient workforce to effectively run the library’s operations and to support the goals and skills of the people who make up the staff.
  2. The Staff Inspection Unit (SIU) of the Ministry of Finance’s Department of Expenditure developed guidelines for use in government libraries in 1966 following the staff formula Dr.

Ranganathan presented to UGC. These standards were harshly criticized by associations like IASLIC, GILA, and others. As a result of this openness, you may now view the Ranganathan staff formula or the manpower norm: –

Section with function Annual Quantum per person
(a) (b) (c)
Book/ Document Section -Selection, Ordering, & accessioning of purchased as well as books received on exchange or as gifts. 6000 documents annually added
Periodical Publication Section – Ordering, receipt, preparation & display of current periodicals, their cumulation, and preparing for binding on the completion of volume. 500 periodical titles received
Technical Processing Section – Classification, Catalogue, etc. 1500 to 2000 documents annually added
Circulation Section – Charging and discharging of books/ documents all through each day. 1500 gate-hours, the Circulation Counter is kept open
Reference Section – Helping the users in the choice of books and articles, answering reference queries. 50 queries/ readers in a day.
Maintenance Section Maintenance of books/ periodicals in the correct sequence on selves, maintenance of gang-way guides, bay guides, shelf guides in the stack. Daily replacement of books/ docs. Returned Preparation of books for repair and binding. -One person for every 10,000 vols. In stack. -One person for every 6000 vols. Annually added.
Information Services Section – Abstracting, State-of-the-art report, Critical data compilation, Critical review, etc. 1.5 Man Year on average for each service
8. Supervisory Staff One for every 1500 hours the SL & IC is kept open.
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Figure: Manpower Norm’s and Ranaganathan’s Staff Formula Automation is possible for some tasks related to acquisition, technical processing, circulation, serials management, bibliographic information retrieval system, etc. The existing established performance standards are inevitably affected by this.

How much room is required for a library?

Step 4: Measure the Great Reading Room at Burton Barr Phoenix Central Library, Phoenix, Arizona, to ascertain the amount of space needed for user seating written by Will Bruder Architects Images courtesy of Bill Timmerman In general, public libraries should supply at least 5 chairs for every 1,000 customers in their serving population.

As a general rule, public libraries with a maximum user population of 10,000 should have 7 to 10 chairs for every 1,000 patrons. The chairs required in conference rooms and staff spaces are not included in these instructions. Depending on the library, the number of chairs can be changed. For instance, if the library has significant collections of study resources and promotes long-term usage, the number of chairs should be increased.

The number of chairs required could be smaller if the library promotes browsing, for as by exhibiting the newest publications or best sellers. Determine the Square Footage Required for User Seating — Depending on the style of seating (lounge chairs, table seating, etc.), the required square footage for user sitting varies. As a general guideline, utilize 25 square feet per seat for table sitting, 30 square feet per seat for study carrel seating, and 35 square feet per seat for lounge chair seating.

  • As a general estimate, designers can employ 30 square feet each seat.
  • To calculate the total square footage required for user seating, deduct the number of PAC and electronic workstation seats, as well as meeting and conference room seats (if these rooms are utilized solely for meetings and conferences), from the total number of anticipated seats.

This value multiplied by 30 is the estimated amount of square footage required for user seats.

How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library Whether you adore the scent of books, or prefer the soothing light of an e-reader, you simply need the right reading space if you’re a book-o-holic. Luckily, we at Modernize also love to read, and we have a few recommendations for creating a comfortable, calm, and inspirational area where you can get lost in your favorite novels.

Whether you adore the scent of books, or prefer the soothing light of an e-reader, you simply need the right reading space if you’re a book-o-holic. Luckily, we at Modernize also love to read, and we have a few recommendations for creating a comfortable, calm, and inspirational area where you can get lost in your favorite novels.

Pick Your Spot Do you have a favorite reading spot? Some folks love to kick back on the couch, and others appreciate little corners they can crawl into. Your present reading habits will tell you a lot about what you should build in your new reading environment.

Pick the space you’re going to remodel into your reading nirvana, then arrange your layout and decor. Photo from Better Homes and Gardens We advise compiling a list of everything you want to place in your reading area before you get started. You’ll need bookshelves, of course, comfy chairs, and a couple end tables or a coffee table at the absolute least.

Then you can become inventive. What extra features do you want? A stereo with speakers or headphones will boost up your audiobook experience. An e-reader or book stand will allow you to move freely while you are immersed in an adventure. Some readers appreciate vintage touches such as metal ladders to access the highest shelves.

  1. Permit yourself to fantasize and consider your possibilities! Design Your Favorite Narrative You may design something basic and stylish, such as neutral colors with brilliant accent hues, or you can let your imagination go wild and write your own tale.
  2. Vinyl decals are simple to put and remove, and their designs frequently contain literary quotations and pictures.

If you do not rent your room, paint the walls with a warm neutral or a striking shade such as a deep teal or scarlet. Image source: Fresh Home You may create your own book-themed artwork on canvas using stencils and spray paint, or you can transform existing books into multipurpose decor.

Find items that remind you of your favorite stories, and fill the space with unique touches to make it your own. Explore Lighting After deciding on a theme and purchasing furnishings, have fun with the room’s arrangement. Place bookcases against walls where they fit best. Use floor cushions and shorter bookshelves in nooks and compact rooms.

A cloudy day is ideal for indoor reading, so position your sofa and chairs near a window to take advantage of the beautiful natural light. When it’s raining, you’ll have an ambient soundtrack to accompany your story, and when the sun is shining, you’ll have the finest possible reading light.

Image source: Fresh Home If you’re a night owl, you should illuminate the space with floor lights to generate a soothing glow. Place a direct reading lamp on an end table or coffee table close to your seating arrangement. You may pick between stationary and adjustable reading lights, which are great for users who change positions often during reading periods.

The most crucial aspect of designing your reading room is to tailor it to your family’s needs. It must be original and comfortable. Stock your reading space with coffee, tea, and snacks, and get lost in a fantastic book! Publication date: 27 April 2016 Modernize is an online service that links customers with vetted professionals that specialize in external house renovation tasks, such as solar, roofing, windows, and HVAC. How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library How Much Does It Cost To Build A Library

Who creates libraries?

The notion of a library extends back millennia. In the seventh century BCE, Assyrian monarch Ashurbanipal constructed the first systematically organized library in the ancient Middle East in Nineveh, modern-day Iraq.