How To Build A Turkey House?
- Joe Thomas
Requirements for the premises – In order for the turkey to reside in a turkey home in warmth and comfort, you must plan its construction and interior layout in advance. Turkeys cannot handle extreme temperatures or drafts. This implies that these elements must be absent from the premises.
- Be sufficiently expansive. One adult should have a minimum of 1 to 1.2 m2. This area is sufficient for five to six turkey heads.
- Have insulated walls or an extra heating source. In places with a harsh environment and a significant drop in air temperature during the winter, steam or electric heating is advised. Typically, turkeys can withstand temperatures as low as 0 degrees Fahrenheit, however those transported from southern locations are not always able to do so. They must keep the temperature about 10 degrees Celsius.
- Using a sturdy divider or netting, divide the area into sections. This is done to prevent battles between males and crushing of young animals during movement. In order to separate adults and turkeys in enclosures, groups for separation are made.
- Have ample illumination, whether natural or artificial. It is crucial to sustain egg-laying females and promote the growth of young turkeys.
- Stay close to the walking area. It is preferable for this platform to be near to the barn. It should be situated in a secluded area where people and other farm animals are unlikely to travel.
On specialized websites and forums, shed-organizing advice may be discovered. Even a novice will be able to fully comprehend the issue of building a shed for turkeys by seeing photographs and videos.
What is the optimal turkey housing?
Roosting Area – Turkeys require high roosting areas to spend the night, preferably with a roof to provide protection from the weather. It is feasible to construct a single roost pen with space for many birds (a five-by-eight-foot roost may accommodate around 20 turkeys) or a collection of roosts.
- In any case, placing the roost or roost pen on skids or wheels will facilitate its mobility.
- By shifting the roosts across the range, you may prevent the accumulation of dung in one region.
- On top of wooden skids, wood is a good building material (although electrical conduit can also be used) for keeping the roost structure lightweight and mobile.
If the roost is extremely lightweight, it may require staking to prevent it from blowing over. The optimal height for perches is 15 to 30 inches above the ground. If elevated, a slanted ladder construction will enable birds to reach perch spots. Cover the roost with a lightweight metal or fiberglass panel roof to shield the birds from the elements.
Sociable Considerations – Turkeys are extremely social creatures that have evolved to live in flocks. As prey animals, living in a flock provides more safety than solitary existence, hence isolation is detrimental. Isolation is the act or policy of isolating a person with a contagious health condition from other residents in order to avoid the transmission of illness in medical and health-related contexts.
- In non-medical contexts, isolation is the act of prohibiting a person from being in close proximity to their companions owing to compelled separation.
- Individuals who are forced to live alone and distant from their partners may experience boredom, loneliness, worry, and suffering as a result of isolation.
may be quite taxing for a turkey Unless otherwise specified, we are speaking to domesticated turkey breeds, not wild turkeys, which may have specific requirements that are not addressed in this site. Despite the fact that turkeys generally thrive while living with other turkeys, there are some factors to consider when arranging flocks.
- To promote a healthy flock dynamic, make sure to give sufficient room, resources, and enrichment for your turkeys.
- Boredom, competition for resources, and the inability to avoid specific flockmates (if they so choose) can negatively affect flock dynamics.
- Non-large breed A breed of domesticated animal that has not been genetically modified to grow as rapidly as possible for human consumption.
Even though they are physically enormous, “Heritage” breeds of turkeys are classified as “non-large breed” in The Open Sanctuary Project’s resources. The turkeys commonly referred to as “heritage” turkeys may live in mixed-sex flocks if everyone gets along.
- However, you may discover that male turkeys (toms) get along better with each other if they are isolated from females.
- In a flock of mixed sexes, it is typically simplest to have one tom.
- A male turkey that lives with several female turkeys.
- If you have many toms living with females, you must pay special attention to the dynamics between the males and ensure that the females are not overmounted.
In the spring, you may need to make adjustments to flock arrangements if turkey hens are being overmounted or if toms are engaging in violent fights with one another. Large breed turkeys should not dwell alongside turkeys of the opposite sex to prevent damage.
Due to their size, big breeds are uncommon. To the expense of their health, domesticated animal varieties that have been developed by humans to grow as huge as possible, as rapidly as possible. Both big breed and non-large breed turkey hens can be severely injured if toms attempt to mount them. Despite the fact that non-big breed toms are smaller than their large breed counterparts, they might nevertheless cause catastrophic injury to a large breed turkey hen during the mounting process by placing excessive strain on their already weakened joints or by producing deep mounting wounds.
Therefore, female turkeys of big breeds should not be confined alongside male turkeys of any kind. If a turkey resident is unable to live with other turkeys, it will be necessary to provide them the opportunity to bond with a companion(s) of a different species while guaranteeing the safety of everyone.
Similarly, if you are considering co-housing your turkeys with other species owing to space limitations, you will need to do it cautiously. Additional Reading Due to a health concern, it is sometimes necessary to consider removing an individual from their friends. Due to a health risk, you may learn more about alternate living arrangements here.
Also, be sure to see Creating An Enriching Life For Turkeys for enrichment ideas to use at times when companions must be apart.
Will turkeys return at night to their coop?
Turkeys will roost anywhere they like, except where you want them to. We began by incorporating two heritage turkeys into our flock of hens, and when they were young, the turkeys behaved similarly to the chickens. They would freely enter the coop at night and roost among the hens.
However, as they grew older, something about them changed. When I was locking up the coop one evening, I did not see them in their customary locations. Then, I peered up above the coop and saw our two turkeys perched on a tree limb. I was unable of bringing them down. The never-ending effort to convince the turkeys to sleep in the coop has begun.
The turkeys opted to roost in the trees, like they would in the wild, despite the wind and rain. Before dusk, I would walk to the coop and attempt to herd the chickens onto their designated roosts, only to have them dart past me and leap into the trees.
- Heritage turkeys are descended from wild turkeys, and it is evident that many of their innate impulses are still encoded in their brains! Instead of resting in a cramped, enclosed cage, they would prefer to be up in the trees, where they can easily escape any potential hazards.
- When we decided to focus on growing turkeys, I realized we would need to construct a roost for them in the pasture that they would really utilize.
The last thing I wanted was for the turkeys to escape the safety of their electric netting and roost in a neighboring tree. (Link to our FANTASTIC electric netting!) I had seen a few ideas for pastured turkey roosts on Google, but the ones that jumped out were tall and packed with “branches.” Similar to an artificial tree with several roosting sites.